Babri Mosque History
Here is the complete Babri Mosque History. Which you need to know. A Hindu mob of nearly 200,000 gather around the Babri Masjid with just one collective aim.
Led by Hindu nationalist leaders the mob broke police barricades, climbed the dome of the Mosque, and tore it down. 25 Years after the political and social tremors of the Babri Masjid demolition can still be felt. So what is the dispute all about?
“ we will build the temple there ‘’ LK Advani, Former Deputy PM India
The beginning – Babri Mosque History
Named after India’s first Mughal emperor Babur, the Babri Masjid is located in Ayodhya, Uttar Pradesh built in the 16th century. the mosque has been a flashpoint between Hindus and Muslims in the Indian subcontinent for more than 150 years. some Hindus believe the mosque was built after the destruction of a Hindu temple and was the birthplace of the Hindu god lord ram.
There have been confrontations here since 1853. the British segregated the places of worship for the two communities, and that was how it stayed for nearly 90 years. Then in 1949, some people placed the idol of ram inside the mosque, reigniting the beginning of the dispute in independent India. This led to the government declaring it a disputed area and locking down the premises
The Hindu national movement
In 1984 the ram mandir or ram temple campaign inspired various nationalist Hindus movement throughout the country to build a temple at the site. It gathered momentum over the next few years.
Hindu Nationalist made slogans; “Those who dream of Babar we’ll wipe out their aspirations’’
In December 1992 a mob led by Hindu nationalists stormed the mosque and destroyed it. Destruction sparked national and international protests by the Muslim community. but in India, things took a turn for the worse.
Towns and cities were swept by rioting between the two communities and more than 2,000 people were killed mainly Muslims. The Indian government struggled to come to grips with the crisis and accused the right-wing of preplanning the demolition.
‘’I am quite sure it was pre-planned ‘’ PV Narasimha Rao, Former PM India
The Legal battle
Throughout the dispute, multiple civil suits had been filed, including one on behalf of the Lord ram claiming ownership of the land.
In 1996 the state High Court put all of them into one suit. Six years later a special bench consisting of three judges began hearings.
In September 2010, the Allahabad High court pronounced a complex verdict running more than 8,000 pages. It said that Hindus and Muslims were joint titleholders and the disputed site should be divided into three parts, two for the Hindus and one for the Muslims. That was not acceptable to any of the parties and within months, the stakeholders took the case to the supreme court challenging the verdict.
The court had also been hearing a case preceding the events that led to the demolition of the mosque
In April 2017, the supreme court finally charged senior BJP leaders including deputy former Prime minister LK Advani of criminal conspiracy in the destruction of the Mosque 25 years ago. This could mean a maximum prison sentence of up to five years.
The Politics – Babri Mosque History
The Ram temple movement has been at the heart of the Hindus nationalist movement in India. In 1984 , the BJP, the current ruling party in India and the party which many Hindu nationalists turn to held two seats in the lower house of the Indian parliament. Less than four years after the demolition the number rose to 161. Over the years BJP has won many state and national elections. The promise to build the Ram temple on the site of the Babri Masjid has always been a part of the manifesto. Right-wing Hindu parties make it as a day of victory.
Has the BJP successfully used Mughal Mosque to polarise the people?
Supreme Court Ayyodaa Verdict Nov. 9, 2019
On November 9, 2019. The Indian Supreme court in its verdict said that the Muslim party could not prove that land had been used for worships of Muslims. So this disputed land belonged to Hindus and they can build the temple. Muslims will receive 5-acre land as an alternative place for Masjid. This verdict is purely in favor of Hindus while Muslims disenfranchised from Holy land, a historical Babri Mosque.
What will happen when Hindus will start construction of the temple?
What will be the consequences of this verdict? Will Muslims remain quiet?